One of the fastest and most efficient ways of packaging food is by use of food packaging machines. Food packaging is the art of enclosing food products for distribution, sale, storage, and use. These machines package food stuff in boxes, tins, or bags. Liquids are packaged in bottles, cans, or cartons among other types of packages.
The importance of packaging food cannot be overemphasised. Below are some of the reasons why food is packaged:
• Increase the shelf life
• Prevent contamination
• Resist tampering during shipment
• Maintain the nutritional value
• Provide nutritional facts about the food
• Transmit information on how the product should be used
• Ensure that it is more attractive to the consumers
• Make it easier to transport
There are mainly two types of food packaging machines. These are:
Primary Packaging Machines
A primary package is the first material that contains a product. Primary packaging machines are therefore machines that package single items. Some examples of primary packages include a packet for different snacks or a carton/bottle for liquid products.
Secondary Packaging Machines
Secondary packaging helps to hold or group together the primary packages. Secondary packaging machines enable primary packages to be easily transported from the manufacturer to the points of sale. Trays and shrink films are some examples of secondary packages.
The food industry has a wide range of packaging machines. The machines could be as many as the different products found in supermarket shelves. They include small and large, automatic, semi-automatic, and manual machines. The machines are becoming even more advanced as technology advances.
Food packaging machines help to ensure that food processing, storage, and distribution is not compromised. The attractive packages produced by these machines are also easier to market than packages done manually. Machines to suit the needs and budgets of different customers are readily available in the market.